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  • Kieran Murray

Flat Feet



Excessive pronation of the feet (a.k.a “flat feet”) is a common foot posture and is often something focused on in the prevention of injury. Given that it effects such a large proportion of the population, it would suggest that this is actually the “norm” when it comes to foot posture, therefore it’s something you shouldn’t be concerned about.


Excessive pronation is a result of weak medial (inner) arch and weak supinators (muscles that cause the foot to roll onto the outstep). This foot posture can be a factor in foot, shin, knee and hip injuries, as it causes excessive ground reaction forces up the inner leg.


The priority for helping to reduce excessive pronation should lie in active rehab by strengthening the muscles of the foot and shin.




Orthotics (insoles) can also help with this foot posture if you’re having pain but should be a second priority to active rehab. Hard-sole Orthotics are much more beneficial than gel insoles as they tend to hold their shape a lot longer than gel soles do. This means they will last longer and be more effective at holding your foot in position. If you feel like an orthotic may benefit you or are struggling with lower limb injuries you can contact us to discuss. We carry out a full assessment of your lower limb biomechanics and feet to determine if you would benefit from an orthotic or not. For higher level athletes and runners we use a treadmill assessment to monitor how your foot lands as you run and in particular fatigue.


To learn more, or speak to one of our physiotherapists email physio@reflexphysiotherapy.ie or call 087-6156270.

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